Since ancient times Transcarpathia was, as a rule, a passive, rather than active, entity in historical processes. Initially, lands in this region were conquered and granted as presents. Later, with the emergence of European nationalisms, the issue of owning Transcarpathia moved from the feudal to the ideological plane. Everyone who staked a claim to these territories had to find or invent historical justification for their expansion.
Fighting myths is an ungrateful thing, because you have to prove that the facts in question are unreal, which is not an easy thing to do with regard to something that is a millennium away from now. However, archeology is indeed very helpful here, and it should not be underestimated: in a number of cases archeological finds demolished established stereotypes. The